Spinal discs are rubbery pads between the vertebrae (bones) in our spine. Healthy discs have a tough, fibrous outer membrane and an elastic core. As we age, our discs become less elastic, lose fluid and the outer protective membrane becomes weaker.
Disc problems are sometimes lumped together under the term degenerative disc disease. Poor muscle tone, poor posture or excessive strain on the spine are some of the causes of non-age-related degeneration. Furthermore, injuries and repetitive activities involving bending, twisting or heavy lifting can cause low back disc herniations. This is when a disc’s inner material swells and pushes through a weak spot in its outer membrane.
All or part of the disc’s core material may press against surrounding nerves, or the spinal cord in extreme cases. Herniated discs are most common from ages 30 to 50, although they can also occur in active children and young adults.
Summit Physiotherapy can provide intervention and tips for injury prevention – contact us today!