Health

What to know if you get concussion while playing sports?

Hockey seasons are here, and unfortunately they have a high risk of concussions for the athletes involved. Concussions are mild brain injuries which can be caused either by whiplash or a direct blow to the head. You do not need to lose consciousness to have a concussion! If you suspect you have a concussion you should consult a medical doctor for advice as soon as possible.

Although concussions are alarming, most resolve with a short time of activity decrease. Concussions in adults usually resolve in 7-10 days and youth in 4 weeks. Following a 24-48 hour period of physical and mental rest it is time to begin to slowly returning to activities, as long as they do not aggravate symptoms.

For athletes there is a strict return to play protocol to minimize the risk of repeat concussions – the minimum time for safe return to play is 7 days.

If concussion symptoms persist or you have questions about rehab options Summit is here to help!

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What are the Health Benefits of Ice Skating

 

Whether you play hockey, figure skate or go for a leisure skate with your family, ice skating can be a great activity for all ages. Strength, stability and control are key elements of both competitive and recreational skating.

By travelling across a slippery surface on skates, you challenge your stability which helps improve your balance. Skating helps strengthen leg muscles. As some skaters often become quadricep dominant, it is important to focus on the hip extension movement as you skate to build your buttock as well as your thigh muscles. Skating provides a great aerobic workout which is important for cardiovascular health. As it requires energy over an extended period of time, it is also a great way to build your endurance. Regular activity can improve your mental fitness by helping combat the effects of stress!

There is risk of injury with skating, so don’t forget to warm-up, stretch and cool down. Take your time on the ice to help prevent falls. Helmets and protective gear should always be worn in hockey, and children and beginner skaters should wear helmets.

Stay active this winter!

 

Haley Carrier

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How can physio help a sprained ankle?

 

Ankle sprains are common injuries physiotherapists see. They can occur simply by rolling your ankle on unstable ground or during a sports injury. Ankle sprains happen when a ligament, connective tissue that connects bone to bone, is overstretched. In more severe cases, ligaments may be completely torn, tendons can also be injured, or the ankle bones may be fractured. At the time of injury, you may hear a popping sound and will notice swelling, bruising and ankle pain. You may have problems walking or standing on your foot.

Unfortunately, a sprained ankle can increase your risk of re-injury as much as 40-70%, but the correct post-injury rehabilitation can significantly decrease this risk. Physiotherapy treatments help to reduce pain, inflammation and protect your ankle with an ankle brace, crutches and/or a walking boot initially. Then, regaining full mobility, strength, balance and function with an individualized exercise program are given as scar tissue forms around the ligament.

Lastly, work or sport-specific training is important prior to safely returning to activity, if you want to know more contact Summit Physiotherapy!

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Physiotherapy for pain during pregnancy

 

Pregnancy can cause many muscle and joint issues for women, with pelvic girdle pain being the most common. Pain can start anytime during pregnancy, labor or after natural deliveries and C-sections. Symptoms may be felt in the low back, tail bone, buttocks, front of the pelvis or into the groin and they often worsen with lifting, twisting, straining or changing positions.

It’s no secret that pregnancy causes additional stress to our joints, muscles and ligaments. Hormonal changes cause lax ligaments. Our back, abdominal and pelvic muscles can become overactive or under-active and become a source of pain. Trauma to the pelvis and pelvic muscles during labor may also cause pain.

Physiotherapy can help during pregnancy and after delivery. Treatment varies depending on the cause of the pain. Treatment may include education on posture, positioning and lifting. Manual therapy can restore normal joint and soft tissue movement.

Specific exercises can improve function of the core and pelvic muscles to increase stability of the pelvic girdle and reduce pain. Contact Summit Physiotherapy to find out how we can help you.

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Should I use heat or cold to help reduce my pain?

Generally, if you have constant pain, visible joint swelling, warmth, and/or have had an injury within the last 7-10 days, try ice. Cold helps pain and reduce inflammation by promoting the constriction of blood vessels, slowing cell reproduction and increasing cellular survival. It is good for injuries such as acute ankle sprains and knee injuries. If you suffer from muscle or joint stiffness, muscles spams, or chronic pain, try heat. Heat helps soothe stiff joints and relax muscles by increasing the extensibility of muscles and helps with healing by increasing blood flow to the area.

Using heat or cold on it’s own does not cure injury, however it complements self-care and other therapy. It’s simple, soothing and it forces you to sit or lie down and rest. Try an electric heating pad, a warm shower/bath, a gel pack that can be microwaved or frozen, or a bag of ice or frozen vegetables. Whether using hot or cold, wrap the pack in a pillow case or towel to help protect your skin. Apply for 15 minutes several times daily as needed. Don’t overdo it; allow your skin to return to its normal temperature before re-applying and avoid temperature extremes

For more information on management of injuries, ask us at Summit Sport Physiotherapy!

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How can I manage low back pain while driving?

Driving is the start and finish of many summer vacations. How do you keep back pain from hours in your car from ruining your holiday? Simplest is taking short breaks to stand and walk, but there are some common postural errors you could likely change as well. Check the position of your seat: make certain your headrest is not pushing your head and neck forward, maximize lumbar support in the lower back rest and angle the front portion of your seat slightly towards the floor. Another common error is leaning to one side – for example the centre console. Optimal posture is sitting square on your “sit bones” with the lumbar back supported and approximately a 90 degree angle between your trunk and hips, legs extended equally in front.

If low back pain is worsening seek more advice at Summit Physiotherapy!

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What is Vestibular therapy?

What is vestibular therapy?

Vestibular therapy is treatment for diseases or dysfunction of the inner ear, or vestibule, which cause vertigo, dizziness, nausea, and imbalance. The most common vestibular problems include BPPV, Meniere’s disease, viral infections, and structural damage or degeneration from aging. BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo) or “ear crystals” as many people know it, is a condition that is easily treated with a series of maneuvers to shift the “ear crystals” within the inner ear.

Those who suffer from BPPV will experience vertigo – a sense of spinning, with specific movements or head positions, such as rolling in bed, standing up, looking overhead etc. Treatment of BPPV is 98% effective within three treatment sessions. With BPPV and other vestibular dysfunctions, treatment includes a home program tailored specifically to you, with exercises for balance and head and eye movements to stimulate your brain and vestibule.

Although vestibular diseases and dysfunctions are only a small portion of what can cause dizziness, the treatment is very effective. If you believe that you may benefit from vestibular therapy, consult your family doctor and then come visit us at Summit.

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What Can I Do For Tendonitis?

Tendons are thick cords that attach muscle to bone. Tendonitis is an acute inflammation of a tendon, that commonly affects the wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and Achilles tendon. It is often caused by repetitive activities or incorrect postures at work or home of the affected and surrounding joints, leading to overuse of soft tissues. There are many activities that may cause tendonitis, with golf, tennis, throwing, typing, painting, running, and jumping being a few of them.

Symptoms of tendonitis include pain at the site of the tendon and surrounding area, loss of motion, weakness and swelling. In the acute phases, it is important to rest, ice and avoid the activities that aggravate the problem. However, tendonopathy may take weeks to months to go away, depending on the severity of your injury.

Physiotherapy is very beneficial to assess and treat tendonitis. We can provide education on recovery time lines, guidance on rest and possible splinting/taping, therapy for pain and symptoms, mobility and strengthening exercises, and a plan for progressive loading and gradual return to activity to help prevent tissue damage.

Our goal at Summit Physiotherapy is to help keep you moving!

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What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Heel pain can be very debilitating as we need our feet to get around. Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. It is an irritation or inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel to the toes. Repetitive stresses cause microtears in the fascia. Common symptoms are a sharp pain on the bottom of the heel and/or arch of the foot with the first few steps when you get up in the morning or after prolonged rest. Pain usually eases with walking or activity.

Early diagnosis and intervention is important. Self management may include rest, using ice, stretching, proper supportive footwear, and altering training methods. Try gently rolling a frozen bottle of water under your arch and heel. Stretch your calf muscles until you feel a comfortable pull in the back of your lower leg. Initially, try swapping walking and jogging for bicycling and swimming.

Physical therapy can help reduce inflammation and pain, recommend proper footwear and give an individualized program to help you return to your activity goals, contact Summit Physiotherapy today if you want some help!

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What Can you Do For Tendonitis?

 

Tendons are thick cords that attach muscle to bone. Tendonitis is an acute inflammation of a tendon, that commonly affects the wrist, elbow, shoulder, knee and Achilles tendon. It is often caused by repetitive activities or incorrect postures at work or home of the affected and surrounding joints, leading to overuse of soft tissues.

There are many activities that may cause tendonitis, with golf, tennis, throwing, typing, painting, running, and jumping being a few of them.

Symptoms of tendonitis include pain at the site of the tendon and surrounding area, loss of motion, weakness and swelling. In the acute phases, it is important to rest, ice and avoid the activities that aggravate the problem. However, tendonopathy may take weeks to months to go away, depending on the severity of your injury. Physiotherapy is very beneficial to assess and treat tendonitis. We can provide education on recovery time lines, guidance on rest and possible splinting/taping, therapy for pain and symptoms, mobility and strengthening exercises, and a plan for progressive loading and gradual return to activity to help prevent tissue damage.

Our goal is to help keep you moving, contact us today so we can help you overcome your tendonitis and move well and live well.

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