Our core is made up of multiple muscles. Our deep core stabilizers involve our deepest abdominal muscle, our pelvic floor, our deep back stabilizers and our diaphragm. These muscles stabilize and support our low back and pelvis. The more superficial core muscles include our outer abdominal muscles, buttock muscles, hip muscles and back muscles. They all work together to increase our strength and are especially needed for activities such as lifting, physical labor and dynamic sports. A strong core is a pre-requisite to allowing our trunk and extremities to function optimally.
If we let poor posture or improper movement patterns cause muscle imbalances, our core muscles may no longer function well together, which can lead to injury and dysfunction. For those who have had back injuries or pain, often our core stabilizers weaken and deep back stabilizers atrophy. This makes it extra important to work on strengthening these muscles to protect your back.
There are many exercise options for core strengthening. For further information or for your individualized core exercise program, visit us at Summit Sport Physiotherapy.